Types of tyres: Which one is the best for you?

All-terrain tyres

All-terrain tyres offer a firm grip on multiple pavements including roads, highways and off-road surfaces. These tyres feature an open-tread design, providing a smooth transition from highway to a grassy or uneven surface. All-terrain tyres can be a good option for someone who drives on both paved roads and off-road.

Since these tyres are designed to provide an effortless driving experience on both pavements and off-road. The traction is great on snow, ice and rainy roads. However, this does not mean that the tyre will outperform winter tyres in cold weather or summer tyres in hot weather.

These tyres are recommended for light truck tyres, pick-up trucks, SUVs and 4×4 vehicles.

As these tyres feature a high traction tread design, the car makes loud noise during driving. Unlike other tyres, the grooves in all-terrain tyres are symmetric which allow the air to pass through them. As a result, noises are loud, especially on highways.

As the rubber is designed in a way to maximize traction with the surface, the fuel economy is low. Another drawback that most of these tyres have is tread life. The tread life of all-terrain tyres have a shorter span because these are made with soft rubber to perform on all surfaces.

Highway-Terrain Tyres

Highway tyres feature an all-season tread pattern, which has the ability to endure heavy loads and towing. These are meticulously crafted to provide comfortable rides on paved roads. Highway-terrain tyres are also known for their long-lasting capabilities and for resisting uneven tread wear with enduring compounds.

Designed for smooth and comfy rides, these come with long-mileage warranties. Mostly, highway tyres come with numerous sipes around the tires and independent tread blocks. People who are looking for light truck tires can also consider highway-terrain if they want better fuel-efficiency. Most models of highway-terrain tyres feature a siping pattern in the form of a wavy pattern that diverts water from beneath the rubber. The tyres’ braking and cornering ability are also great because of the tread design. 

Although highway tyres can handle light snow and a little drop in temperature, these are not good for heavy snowfall or ice. Another thing you need to consider before buying highway tread tires is that since these tires are made to maximise performance on paved roads, the grip of the rubber is not firm on dirt, sand, gravel or mud.

Mud Tyres

Known for surviving in tough conditions — from rocky gravel to rugged sand dunes,  mud tyres are carefully designed to perform well in off-road conditions. These tyres have large void areas between tread (even more than all-terrain tyres). Clearing the mud and debris under the rubber, the large grooves provide a firm grip.

The great depth of the ridges help the tyre maintain traction in a different type of off-roading conditions. Another great benefit that comes with this rubber is the enduring power of the tyre which makes them resistant to chips, punctures and cuts. Mud tyres contain 3-ply sidewalls that make the sidewalls robust and adds durability.

Just like all-terrain tyres, the tread design in mud tyres has large voids and is meant to maximise the traction. As a result, when someone drives on a well-paved road, the noise will get louder. Another drawback is that when the vehicle gets on a road or a highway, the handling power decreases.

Light Truck Tyres

Light truck tyres come in a variety of shapes and sizes. As the name suggests, these are specifically designed to fit passenger trucks and sometimes full-size SUVs. If you pull or haul hefty loads, you can consider these tyres.

For someone who spends most of the time driving in off-road conditions, should consider investing in mud terrain truck tyres. Or if the time is spent on both highways and off-road, all-terrain truck tyres will be a good choice. If you want to pick a tyre for a particular weather condition, you will still find a variety of truck tyres that are designed to perform well in warm or cold weather.

These tires provide better traction than standard car tyres because the heavier mass enables to make better contact with the road. Another benefit of SUV tyres is that they perform great during rainy weather and help in preventing hydroplaning. Usually, the rubber has large grooves which help to divert water from under the tyre.

One thing you need to consider is the stopping distance that increases using upsized light truck tyres as they are heavier in weight. Even truck tyre having moderate weight will make the brake pads wear quickly. Also, mud-terrain truck tyres or up-sized truck tyres consume more fuel as the engine has to work harder.

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